A good serious game is inherently interdisciplinary. It requires multimedia artists, engineers, business people, content experts, behavioral scientists, designers, project managers, quality assurance experts, producers, administrators and members of the target audience to work together seamlessly to produce a product that combines engaging gameplay with learning goals. One of the biggest challenges facing the serious game team is overcoming the clashes (wars?) that inevitably arise when people from different backgrounds come together to collaborate. One clash that is particularly vexing for game designers is when they disagree with what a researcher proposes to implement as “fun” gameplay.
Problem: The researcher thinks they are a good game designer (but they’re not)
You may have a researcher new to working on games and they may offer some good gameplay ideas now and then. The problem is when the researcher starts thinking they are great game designers, particularly when they really want you to implement a game idea that you think is clearly atrocious. This issue absolutely needs to be managed. It can get very dangerous if you as a developer feel like you can’t disagree with the researcher. You may feel this way if the researcher is particularly dominating, arrogant, stubborn and narcissistic (not uncommon traits for researchers!). You may also feel uncomfortable voicing your opinions if the researcher holds the purse strings and you fear you may lose the job if you don’t implement every little detail the researcher wants. You may also have a personal motto of “the customer is always right” that, much to your dismay, the researcher is holding you hostage to.
Solution 1: Review roles and responsibilities
Solution 2: Review and confirm shared goals of the project
In addition to reviewing (or specifying) roles and responsibilities, you can also work on a resolution by reviewing the shared goals of the project. The goals will hopefully include some specification that the game must balance fun and learning. Project goals can also include scope and quality. The researcher’s idea could be outside of the core game mechanic and thereby require an increase in the scope of the project which could potentially compromise timely delivery of the final project or the quality of the game if the resources are inadequate to support the increased scope. By reviewing the goals of the project, you can direct attention to the shared goals of the project, rather than personal agendas or egos.
Solution 3: Determine the intention behind the suggestion and create options
Solution 4: Let the target group decide
Look at the videos and discuss the results together. I can’t guarantee you that the target group will support your idea but whatever they say, their words have power. I have found that everyone on the serious game team understands that the target group has some of the highest standards and expectations for an equal balance between a game that is fun and a game that addresses their learning needs. It is very difficult for anyone to go against what the target group says.
When a researcher you are working with seems to fancy themselves as a cutting-edge game designer and you disagree, there are steps you can take to work through this disagreement, further mutual understanding, and end up with good gameplay that supports learning goals. Specifically, you can review the roles and responsibilities of team members, confirm the overall goals of the serious game project, determine the researcher’s intentions behind their suggestions and create other options, and finally, let the target group determine what they like, if all else fails.
Clashes between team members can feel like they are the most difficult challenges in your serious game project. You may feel like you are talking to someone from a different planet at times. But you HAVE to work through the challenges to get to greatness. The genius of any successful serious game project is getting the absolute best out of every team member. It requires persistence and finesse to work through the problems to create a brilliant solution.
Fischer, R., Ury, W. & Patton, B. (1991). Getting to yes. 2nd ed. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
thanks pamela.always a pleasure to read your blogs and keep it in mind, before i dive into an other game designing proces. thanks a lot.
You’ve identified the single most fundamental reason serious video games are rarely fun, and thus, rarely successful. Unfortunately, solutions may be more complex than you describe. The goal of a serious video game developer is using fun to stealthily conceal their game’s serious intent. Intellectually, researchers may agree with that idea, but emotionally feel different. Researchers using entertainment media for serious purposes often feel obliged to not only speak to their target audience (say, children), but also to their scientific peers, NIH program directors and journal editors. Many researchers feel uncomfortable if their serious video game does not overtly indicate to the scientific community that the game delivers evidence-based medicine. And if the game’s “medicine” can’t be seen by grant reviewers, the researcher may not receive continued funding. In many ways, then, the goals of serious game developers and research patrons are directly at odds.
HI Richard, Well, better you say it than I say it. 😉 I do think though that researchers will listen to target users and their opinions. At least I hope they would. If not, then as you say, the game is doomed to be unentertaining and ultimately a failure. I think that the genius in making a successful serious games lies in getting the brilliance out of each contributor. You can look at a serious game and tell which party had too heavy a hand in it.